Food poisoning which is also commonly known as foodborne illness occurs when we consume contaminated food or beverages. The basic symptoms include diarrhea, nausea and vomiting which can start appearing within 24 hours and last for a week. The contamination can take place at any point of the process and can also be caused by cross contamination. There are several food poisoning disorders and to determine that we must know of the signs and symptoms.
Even though the name suggests that it is extremely dangerous or could result in something dangerous, not all cases need medical attention as they are usually mild, however there are rare cases which ultimately result in patients death.
Food Poisoning Disorders – Signs and Symptoms
The signs and symptoms start to appear within a few hours and can last up to a week. The typical symptoms are nausea, vomiting, muscle ache, fever, diarrhea and abdominal pain. To understand which symptoms to look out for we must know the different kinds of bacteria that cause food poisoning.
Botulism: These causes blurred and double vision, weakness, and sensitivity to light and could also lead to paralyzed eye nerve, paralysis spine downward and could also lead to death due to respiratory failure.
Salmonella: fever and blood present in stool.
E.coli: large amounts of blood present in diarrhea and visibly no to very little stool.
Mushroom poisoning: vision difficulties, heart muscle problems, stomach upset, kidney failure and could also lead to death if the liver failure is left unnoticed.
Fish poisoning: nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dizziness and headache.
Food Poisoning Disorders – Causes
Once we know signs and symptoms of food poisoning we must also know the basic causes of each of the bacteria, as each bacterium is caused by different food items.
E.coli: unpasteurized apple cider, raw milk, uncooked hamburger, contaminated water, vegetables fertilized by cow manure.
Salmonella: beef, eggs, poultry and dairy products.
Shigella: raw vegetables and moist foods.
Listeria monocytogenes: dairy products, coleslaw, processed meats and soft cheeses.
Staphylococcus aureus: eggs, salad dressing, mayonnaise and custard filled pastries.
- jejuni: raw chicken and milk.
Food Poisoning Disorders – Treatment
Even though when food poisoning is left alone, it heals on its own as our body immune system is designed in a manner which gets rid of the toxins that has entered through vomiting and diarrhea. The most important thing to do while suffering from food poisoning is to keep yourself hydrated. Our body is losing fluids and it is important to keep replacing them so that we do not become dehydrated which further slows down the healing process. Patients suffering should consume oral rehydration solutions which are high in minerals and sports drinks which have electrolyte. Certain fruit juices help rejuvenate the body and combat fatigue.
It is crucial to avoid caffeine and spicy food. Eating out can also trigger the bacteria we are trying to get rid of so eating out should be avoided and the food that is being consumed should be bland and made under strict hygienic conditions. Mild food poisoning disorders fades away within a week if the prevention steps are taken.